Chess

The history of chess goes back almost 1500 years. The game originated in northern India in the 6th century AD and spread to Persia. In Ancient India the Kings believed that one can effectively learn the values of valor, tactics, decision-making, strength-check, endurance, power and bravery during a war and because of this it is believed that war was chosen as the model of the game.  It was called as CHATURANGA because of the four participants/bodies that are used in this game i.e. Elephants, Horses, chariots and foot soldiers. Another name for this game was Ashtapada was another name of this game which means ‘eight steps’.  The word ‘Check-Mate’ is derived from the Persian term ‘Shah-mat’, which means ‘The King is Dead’, but When the Arabs conquered Persia, chess was taken up by the Muslim world and referred it as ‘SHATRANJ’ and subsequently, through the Moorish conquest of Spain, spread to Southern Europe. In Europe, the moves of the pieces changed in the 15th century. The modern game starts with these changes. In the second half of the 19th century, modern tournament play began. Chess clocks were first used in 1883, and the first world chess championship was held in 1886. The 20th century saw advances in chess theory, and the establishment of the World Chess Federation (FIDE).

Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic and modern European names for chessmen

Sanskrit
  • Raja (King)
  • Mantri (Minister)
  • Hasty/Gajah (elephant)
  • Ashva (horse)
  • Ratha (chariot)
  • Padati (footsoldier)
Persian
  • Shah
  • Vazir/Vizir
  • Pil
  • Asp
  • Rukh
  • Piadeh
Arabic
  • Shah
  • Wazir/Firzān
  • Al-Fil
  • Fars/Hisan
  • Rukh
  • Baidaq
English
  • King
  • Queen
  • Bishop
  • Knight
  • Rook
  • Pawn
Spanish
  • Rey
  • Reina
  • Alfil
  • Caballo
  • Torre
  • Peón
French
  • Roi
  • Reine
  • Fou
  • Cavalier
  • Tour
  • Pion

Impact Of Chess Sports On Our Society